- Documentary Hypothesis
- A theory about the text of the first five books of the Bible that states
that these books were assembled from multiple earlier sources.
- In Koine Greek [certain vowels and diphthongs] came to be pronounced all alike, all of
the them sounding like ee in English 'feet'. It is not surprising that one of the
commonest kinds of scribal confusion involves the substitution of these seven vowels and
diphthongs for one another. This kind of error, which is commonly called itacism, accounts
for several extremely odd mistakes present in otherwise good manuscripts.
- Jesus Seminar
- The Jesus Seminar is a group of Jesus scholars who meet to discuss aspects of the
historical Jesus. Their most well-known work is The Five Gospels which is a
translation of the Gospels (plus the Gospel of Thomas) which is color coded to indicate
their conclusions as to how confident they are that the text is authentically from Jesus.
- A Greek manuscript written in what we would call "lower case" script.
Earlier manuscript were in all capital letters.
- Moffatt Translation
- A New Translation of the Bible Containing the Old and New Testaments by
James Moffatt, Harper and Row Publishers, 1935. The Moffatt translation
illustrates the Documentary Hypothesis by marking
sections of the text as to source.
- New Revised Standard Version. This is a translation of the Bible copyright The National
Council of Churches of Christ in the U. S. A. This translation is used by many churches
for instruction and in public reading. Citations from the NSRV on this web site used by
- Synoptic Gospels
- Synoptic comes from the Greek meaning "same eye". It refers to the New
Testament gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke which all have a similar view.
- Synoptic Problem
- The "synoptic problem" deals with the explanation of why the three Synoptic
Gospels are similar in some respects and different in others.
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